Sore Throat

Sore Throat

A sore throat is often linked to an infection in the throat and upper respiratory tract. Known medically as pharyngitis, it is characterised by irritation and inflammation of the tissues in the back of the throat (called pharynx) or in the neck.

Just like chickenpox and measles, sore throat is not a serious illness, but it is extremely painful and can interfere with everyday activities such as eating, talking, or drinking.

Causes of a Sore Throat:

The exact cause of a sore throat can vary. Because bacterial, viral or fungal infections cause sore throats, a sore throat can result from various infectious agents:

  • Common cold virus or flu virus;
  • Viral infections of the mouth or nose, such as herpes simplex;
  • Tracheobronchitis (inflammation of the upper airways caused by common cold viruses);
  • Diphtheria – typhoid fever;
  • Tonsillitis (inflammation of the tonsils);